Hyperopia (farsightedness) is an eye condition in which close objects are out of focus and far away objects are clearer. Hyperopia can occur if your eyeball is too short, if the cornea is too flat, or the focusing power of your eye is too weak. This eye disorder can be corrected with contact lenses, glasses, or laser eye surgery. Often present from birth, most children grow out of farsightedness (hyperopia) since they have very flexible eye lenses that make up for the problem. As aging occurs, contact lenses or glasses may be used to correct the problem. Hyperopia usually runs in the family and can affect both males and females equally.Request Your Consultation Today!
Symptoms of Farsightedness (Hyperopia)
Common signs of farsightedness are eye strain, burning, aching, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating. Trouble maintaining a clear focus on near objects and headaches after close work are also two telltale signs. Common vision screenings, often done in schools, are generally ineffective in detecting farsightedness. A comprehensive eye examination will include testing for farsightedness. Eye exams should be done for babies and children as well by a pediatric ophthalmologist.
Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is often confused with presbyopia. Presbyopia is another condition that can cause blurry vision; however, presbyopia is usually brought on by natural aging and affects people later in life, usually their 40s. Presbyopia can also be treated with glasses, contacts, and in some cases LASIK or PRK.
Causes of Farsightedness (Hyperopia)
Hyperopia occurs when the eye is shorter than normal or has a cornea that is too flat. As a result, light rays focus beyond the retina instead of on it. This allows you to see distant objects somewhat clearly but near objects will appear more blurred. Younger people may be able to accommodate through mild hyperopia, but this usually becomes more difficult with age.
Like myopia or nearsightedness, farsightedness is usually inherited.
Treatments for Farsightedness (Hyperopia)
Dr. Tracy will test for farsightedness (hyperopia) by performing various tests. By testing the focusing power of the eye to determine your responses, Dr. Tracy can determine the best treatment for your condition. In mild cases of farsightedness, your eyes may be able to compensate without corrective lenses. For moderate to advanced cases, treatment options for hyperopia can include contact lenses, glasses, or laser surgery.
LASIK and PRK are laser corrective refractive surgeries and are possible treatments for adults who suffer from Farsightedness (Hyperopia). During LASIK or PRK surgery, Dr. Tracy reshapes the corneal tissue with a VISX excimer laser to your prescription. LASIK and PRK can eliminate the need for glasses or contact lenses.
Farsightedness (Hyperopia) FAQs
What is farsightedness?
Farsightedness is a vision condition in which objects far away are usually seen clearly but close objects are not brought into focus.
Why does farsightedness occur?
If the length of your eyeball is too short or the cornea has too little curvature, near objects cannot be brought into sharp and clearly focused images. Hereditary factors most often are the cause of the growth and development of the eye. However, environmental factors may also contribute to the development of farsightedness.
What are the signs of farsightedness?
Common signs and symptoms of farsightedness include difficulty in concentrating and maintaining a clear focus on near objects, blurred vision, eye strain, fatigue and/or headaches after close work.
How is farsightedness treated?
In mild cases, your eyes may be able to compensate adequately without the need for corrective lenses. In moderate or severe cases, your doctor may recommend glasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery such as LASIK or PRK.
How will farsightedness affect my vision?
If you are farsighted, you involuntarily put in extra effort to maintain clear distance vision and even greater effort to see clearly at close range. This extra effort can cause fatigue, headaches, and discomfort. If the lens of the eye cannot bring the object being viewed into focus, blurred vision occurs.
How is farsightedness diagnosed?
Common vision screenings, similar to the type done in schools, are generally ineffective in detecting farsighted people because these individuals can often accommodate and identify the letters on an eye chart with little difficulty. Farsightedness can be more effectively diagnosed during a comprehensive eye examination.
How would farsightedness affect my daily life?
Farsightedness will probably not significantly affect your lifestyle when you’re young, especially if your prescription is mild, but it will become more noticeable as you grow older.
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